1 God created the stars on the Fourth Day (Genesis 1:16).
2 The sun is first described in Genesis 1:16 - "God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also." But the actual first use of the word "sun" occurs in Genesis 15:12, when Abram fell into a deep sleep at the setting of the sun.
3 Joseph saw eleven stars in his dream in Genesis 37:9. One sees the first occurrence of the word "moon" as well. This passage serves as the basis for the painting "Starry Night" by Vincent Van Gogh.
4 The star constellations/clusters the Bear (the center of which is Ursa Major, the Big Dipper), Orion, and the Pleiades (or the Seven Sisters), are mentioned in Job 9:7-9 and 38:31-33. Pleiades and Orion are also mentioned by the prophet Amos 5:8.
5 Isaiah 50:11 suggests that man creates his own hell - "But now, all you who light fires and provide yourselves with flaming torches, go, walk in the light of your fires and of the torches you have set ablaze. This is what you shall receive from my hand: You will lie down in torment."
6 The Star over Bethlehem leading the wise men to the new-born King of the Jews is found in Matthew 2:1-11 -
1 "When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem,
2 saying, "Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star at its rising and have come to do him homage."
3 When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.
4 Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born.
5 They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet:
6 ‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
since from you shall come a ruler,
who is to shepherd my people Israel.’"
7 Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star’s appearance.
8 He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and search diligently for the child.
When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage."
9 After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them,
until it came and stopped over the place where the child was.
10 They were overjoyed at seeing the star, 11 and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother.
They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
7 Jesus is called the "bright morning star" in Revelation 22:16.
8 The Seven Stars of Revelation refer to the Seven Angels of the Seven Churches of Revelation (Revelation 1:20).
9 The star that fell from heaven and turned the waters bitter was called Wormwood (Revelation 8:11).
10 The "woman clothed with the sun with the moon at her feet and on her head a crown of twelve stars" is a collective symbol for Mary, the mother of Jesus,
as well as Israel and the Church (Revelation 12:1).
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